If you’re behind an Internet filter that blocks YouTube, such as China’s filtering system or a school’s system, you can access the introductory videos at the download mirror.
Also you can download english subtitles
.srt-files for these videos.
After you’ve installed Anki on your computer you can download shared decks by opening the program and then going down to the bottom left button here, “Get Shared,” and clicking on it. When we click on it, it will take us to a list of shared decks in your web browser.
Over here we can see some popular categories. So if we click on “Japanese,” for example, it will show us a list of all the Japanese related decks that have been uploaded.
So as a little sample today let’s study some state capitals. So I’ll go to the geography section. Or i could type in a search here instead.
And we’ve got some different choices here. I’m going to choose a simple one which has just 50 state capitals and no audio and no images. So to download this and put it into Anki, all I have to do is click “Info” and then go down here and click the “Download” button.
You can see above here we have a preview of the content that will appear when we study. This particular deck is quite simple, but if we look at other decks here, we’ve got ones with images, some of them will include sounds, and so on.
So let’s go back to the state capitals and click “Download,” and we’ll save it to our computer, and once it’s downloaded all we have to do is double click on it and it should automatically be loaded into Anki: “50 cards imported.”
Okay, so we close this and we can see that a deck has appeared here and it’s telling us that we have 20 new cards to study today. By default Anki will introduce 20 cards per day so that you don’t get overrun with reviews in the future. You can customize this number if you’d like to.
So let’s click on this deck. And we’re presented with an overview screen here and you can see that it tells us we’ve got 20 new cards and we’ve got zero learning and review cards.
So let’s just jump into studying for now. We click the “Study Now” button, and we’re presented with a question here. We’re studying state capitals here, so I have to think of the capital city of Alabama, and I believe the answer is Montgomery.
So once I’ve thought about the answer and I’ve decided “Okay, I know this,” and I’ve said it to myself, I go down here and click the “Show Answer” button to see if I’m correct or not.
And you’ll see that you can also press the spacebar on your keyboard if you want to do that. So I’ll click for now, and we can see that the answer is Montgomery, so I was correct.
Now, I have three choices down the bottom: “Again,” “Good,” and “Easy.”
If I forgot or if I didn’t know the answer to this card, I would click “Again” and the card would be shown to me again in less than a minute so that I am reminded quickly and I have a chance to actually learn this and remember it. If I did know the answer but I’d like to test myself again in a little while, I can click “Good” and the card will be shown to me again within 10 minutes, depending on how many other cards you have to study. And if I thought, “Oh, this is easy, I don’t need to review this again for a while,” I can click “Easy” and it will be shown to me again in four days. So I think I remember this really well, but I’d like to practice again in 10 minutes, so I will press the “Good” button.
And again, if you hover over you can see there’s a shortcut key: one, two, three. So I click on “Good” here. Okay. Alaska I think was Juneau.
Let’s show the answer. I’ll press the spacebar this time. Juneau. Okay, I was correct. And again I’d like to practice again in 10 minutes, so I will choose “Good” here.
I can either press number two, or I can also press the space key. You can see that this button has actually got a little blue border, indicating that this is the default answer—this is the answer that Anki is recommending you choose if you knew it.
So I’ll just press the spacebar again. Okay, Arizona…I don’t remember the answer to this one, so I’m going to just click “Show Answer,” and I find out that the answer is Phoenix.
Okay. In this case, because I didn’t know it, I’m going to choose “Again” instead of “Good.”
And when I do that, Anki will show it to us again in one minute, and then if we get it right one minute later, then we’ll see it again in 10 minutes.
So making two steps: a 1 minute step, then a 10-minute step. So if I choose “Again,” you’ll notice that the count has gone to four; previously it was two. So half of that count is that card we forgot. Okay. Let’s do a couple more. Arkansas… I don’t remember this one either, so let’s show the answer. Little Rock. Okay, so I’m going to choose “Again,” but this time I’ll use my keyboard. I’ll press one, which is a shortcut for “Again.”
And Arizona. Notice that the number here is underlined. That little underline indicates that the currently displayed card is a learning card rather than a new card or a review card.
So this Arizona one we answered a couple of minutes ago, and we’re now being asked on it again. So I think it was Phoenix.
Let’s give this a try…yes, I was correct. Okay, so this time I did remember, so I’m going to choose “Good” rather than “Again.”
California is Sacramento. Okay, good. And you can continue like this until your cards— … —the count down the bottom reaches zero. You don’t have to study until zero if you don’t have time. If you’d like to stop, you can simply close the program.
We’ll click “Decks” to return to the list of decks here.
And one other thing to notice: by default, we have a limit of 20 new cards and a limit of 100 reviews, so that if you go on a holiday or something, you’re not confronted with a huge list of cards to review again.
If you want to change these limits, all you need to do is click the “Options” button, and then you can configure the number of new cards per day, for example; the number—…—the amount of delay between when you forget a card, which is one minute, and the next step, which is ten. You can give yourself more steps if you want to, you can have steps of hours—it’s totally configurable. In the review section, you can configure the maximum reviews/day.
One other thing I should point out: if you look at the top of this screen, there’s an “options group” section. By default, all of the decks that you import or add will share the same set of options, so that when you change the options, the options will change for every deck. If you’d like to have some decks with different options—for example, if you’d like to study more German cards than you are studying your computing cards—on the top right, you can click that button and it will allow you to create a new option group, and then you can tell each deck which option group you want to use.
here we have a deck that shows a state, and then on the
rear side of the card, it shows the capital
so state→capital, state→capital
if we would like to flip the order, so the capital appears first
and the state appears afterwards, we can do so by going to Edit
then click on Cards at the top
we see a preview where the state is on the front, and the capital is on the back, and click on the Flip button
now the capital appears on the front, and the state appears on the back
if we close this,
we see that all of the cards now show a capital on the front
and the state on the back
changing the template will change all of the cards of that type
let’s undo those changes
if you only want to change the order once, then flipping is
the best way to do that, but
if you would like to study in both directions, so in this case for example,
capital city to state and state to capital city,
instead of flipping the cards all the time,
an easier way
is to create two cards
one from capital to state, and one from state to capital
Anki can automatically create multiple cards for you
based on just one input
in this case we want to create a second card which has the state on the front
to do this, we’ll go to Edit
and then Cards
and we see that there’s one card here called Forward at the moment
we’ll click the plus button
to add a new card
and let’s rename it to something more
so choose More, and Rename
and call it "Backwards"
now we’ve got two cards here
the Forward card has capital on the front and the state on the back
so the backwards card we want to flip
because at the moment it has the capital
so let’s flip this
and now we can see the state is on the front
the Forward card has the capital on the front
let’s remove this "Edit to customize" text
by selecting it and deleting
and now we’ve got two different cards
capital to state
and state to capital
when we added this second type of card
Anki automatically created cards for all the content
we’ve entered in so far
however, one thing to note
is that these cards, because they were added just then
have a due date later than the cards that were already in the deck
let’s go and have a look in the browser
we’ll close this window
click close and click on browse
let’s look at all the new cards by clicking on new
and we’ll look at the USA state capitals deck so we’ll hold Ctrl
or Command on a Mac
click on that
so now we’re searching for new cards
in the deck "USA state capitals"
and if we look at the due date here
and scroll down, we can see all of the Forward cards are due one after another
and all the Backwards cards are due later on … they have higher due numbers, so they’ll
later on, after all the Forward cards have been reviewed
we probably don’t want that; we probably want to be able to look at the
Forward cards and reverse cards for a given state and capital
pretty close to each other
to do so, we can change the due order
we’ve got all these cards here - let’s select them all. click on one, and go to Edit
so now we have all these cards selected
and then go to Edit>Reposition, which will change the due order
for these new cards
using the default settings, click on ok
and now if we scroll up and have a look
we see that Alabama’s Forward and Backwards cards
have a due number of 0
1, and so on, so the Forward and Backwards
for a given note
share the same due number
this does not mean that cards will be showing immediately next to each other
because they have the same due number
Anki will understand to show them pretty close together
we can have a look at this by
closing out of the browser
going back to review
and we’ve got six new cards today, so for example we have a capital…
and the next three cards, we have state at the front, instead of the capitals
so the state, Alabama
state Alaska, Juneau
It’s possible to customize the fonts and colors of your cards.
To do so click the edit button on the bottom left and then click the cards button on the left top.
On the right hand side we can see a preview of what the front of the card looks like and a preview of what the back of the card looks like.
And in this particular note type we have two different cards: one that shows front to back and one that shows back to front.
To customize the appearance of a cards we use this section over here.
Styling section… The styling section uses a type of code called CSS, which is a code used for styling web pages on the internet. It might look a little scary at first, but it’s actually pretty straight forward.
This information here defines the style of all of our cards.
The first line font-family chooses the font, that you will use. So if we change Arial to Times New Roman for example we can see that the font over here has changed. When you’re editing please be careful not to remove semicolons and colons and things like that or Anki will get confused.
The next line… Font-size controls the size of the text, so if we change it to 40 for example, we can see that everything has become bigger.
We can also customize things per field, but we’ll get to that later.
Text-align: allows you to control the alignment of the text. You can have center, left or right.
Put that back again… And color and background-color control the colors of the card. So we can change black to, for example, red or brown, lightblue and you can also use HTML color codes which are documented in the manual.
The background color, if we change it here, hmm… nothing’s happened… The reason is that if we look further down the styling also includes a styling for just the first card. So if we look at the second card we can see that the background color has changed to red because any card that don’t have a special definition use the default. So if we want to change the color of this first card, we will change it here.
Blue for example and so. Instead of defining red for this one we could put this back to white, then we could add a .card2 and put the background color of yellow for example. And we can see that it’s changed for only the second card. This is useful for quickly reminding you of whether you’re looking at a front to back or back to front card.
It’s also possible to customize the styling for individual fields.
So for example if you wanted this Alaska to appear in big writing and Juneau to appear a little writing we could do that. To do so click the add field button in the bottom left, choose the field that you would like to add and here we have the front so we want to use font here and choose the font size and whether you want to put it on the front template or the back.
So let’s use for example set arial black and will choose the size of 40 and wear it to the frontier and click OK.
After doing so Anki has added some styling information around this front field reference here.
So anything that is inside that let’s break it up to make it a little clearer.
There’s a little bit of styling information here which is start styling in this style then we have the front reference and then we have this little diff part here which says stop styling in the star that we just used.
So if we type in extra things like Hello we see that it’s also using that styling information and so you can put multiple fields here if you wanted to do.
You can also put any kind of styling information in these tags here that is also included here.
So for example if we want to make this text red we look and see we got the color like blue here so this particular part of information.
You want to copy this and put it inside this styling information here.
All we have to do is make sure that we leave the semicolons so Anki doesn’t get confused. So if I paste this in and remove the extra text and let’s change this color to red.
You can see that this particular field has changed color now without changing the color of the rest of the information here.
Also we’ve got the field trip being displayed twice, so I forgot the top and remove the first reference which was there originally. We now have the front field styled differently to the back. If we now close the card preview screen and return to some studying we can see that our changes are reflected on the study screen.
Aside from changing the colors and fonts you can also add text to your templates to make things clearer. If we go back to edit and cards we can add a prompt for example: "What’s the capital city of Alaska?"
Let’s move these extra spaces to make things a little bit more compact and add a question mark.
We added here it’s big.
We added here it’s small.
Big… Now we close and we can see that this what’s the capital city of will appear on all of our cards.
So if we answer this one and go to the next one.
You can see that the formatting is consistent across cards.
One last thing to point out is how Anki handles new lines, because the cards are formatted in the same way, that web pages are simply putting a new line in the template doesn’t put a new line on your card.
So if i type hello enter a world we see that these two lines are actually appearing next to each other. To force a new line to appear we need to add a special code which stands for a line break we type angle brackets BR and then angle brackets again and then we can see that hello world is displayed on two lines on the card.
Usually Anki shows your question and ask you to think about the answer.
After you thought about it you click the show answer button and compare the answer you thought about with the answer displayed on screen.
If you would like to type in your answer and have Anki automatically compare it for you, you can do so as follows.
First move down to the edit button on the bottom left hand corner of the screen and click on it. Then click the cards button at the top.
Here we can see a preview of the front and back of our cards. On the front side we have the state field which is Alabama in this case. And on the back side we have the state field with the entire front side and we have the capital city displayed on the back.
We would like to type in the capital city. To do this we select the field we’re interested in on the back and cut it. And then on the Front Template will paste this in. Paste…
We can see the field is displayed here but instead of showing it we would like to type it in. To do this move to the front of the field name and type in t y p e.
And then a colon make sure you use lowercase letters for example t y p e : Uppercase is not valid t y p e You can see here we now have a typing in box and we can type in text here.
Finally for compatibility with earlier versions Anki please put it angle brackets be our angle brackets. This creates a new line between the front field State here and the typing box.
Here we can see we’ve got the Alabama and then the type in comparison but we’ve also got a line on the bottom. We can remove this just to be neat.
Ok let’s see how it is, when reviewing.
Click the close button and close again. We can see we’ve now got a typing box.
So if i type in for example Montgamery it shows us that we made a mistake with one letter and gives us the entire correct result as well if we get it entirely correct.
You can see that there’s just all green. Please note that the typing the answer feature does not automatically answer for you.
So whether or not you got it correct you still have a choice of the differentanswer buttons down the bottom.
This allows you to for example make a mistake when typing and still write yourself correct if you knew you just slipped on the keyboard.
If you would like to adjust the size of the type in comparison. So you can see the text is quite small and when we type something in the text is quite small as well.
We can do this by clicking on edit and then the fields button at the top left.
Select the field that you’re comparing two and change the editing font size to something larger.
For example 20 and then the typing box both here and then reviewing will be larger as well the comparison.
Montgomery and you can see that the text is bigger now.
You can also use the type in the answer feature with clozes deletion cuts.
However the procedure is slightly different. Let’s quickly create a cloze deletion card in new deck.
It’s putting the default deck here and set the cloze deletion type.
Selected test and i’m going to create a cloze deletion based on this
the default deck.
Ok, so we can see. It is a cloze deletion here and when we show the answer test is displayed we would like to type in test.
To do this again click the edit button on the bottom left and the cards button at the top.
We can see we’ve got a slightly different template because this is a clozed deletion card.
In this case we need to move down and type in like an angle brackets to create a new line and then a squiggly brackets type cloze text.
We can see we’ve got a typing box. Unlike the regular style of cards cloze deletions do not show the same part of the front on the back they show something different.
So this time we need to copy this type
of text and place it on the back as well
and the typing comparison will appear.
So we’ve got type
: close : text on both the front and
back sides close this window closed this
one and let’s give it a go
t o s t
correct answer was
Ok let’s look at how we can customize the layout of the cards that we study. So we return to our USA state capitals deck that we downloaded in the previous screencast. Let’s jump right in and start studying. So we can see that for a given card we asked the question by showing us a state and we have to decide what the state capital is. So we’re going from the state to the city. Imagine we want to flip that so that instead we showing Montgomery and we have to produce Alabama. To do that go down to the bottom left and click Edit. And you can see here we’ve got two fields: Front field and Back field. At the moment this is not terribly descriptive. Front and back probably not the best tables. Instead we should probably call this State and this Capital city. So let’s do that. By clicking the Fields… button we can customize our fields. Click on the Front one and rename and let’s call this State. And let’s rename the other one to Capital city. Ok we close this now. And we can see here that the state is Alabama and the capital city is Montgomery. So if we go back and still the same information presented here. So now if we want to flip them, we go back into Edit and this time click on the Cards… button to customize our cards. At the moment we have a single card called Forward and there are five… These boxes are a little confusing the moment… If we focus on the right hand side… This is the front preview. So this is what we see when we shown a question. And once we click the show answer button this is the information that we presented with. So our goal is to flip these pieces of information. On the left-hand side we can see templates and some styling here. The template tells Anki what should appear on the card and these squiggly brackets mean that it should take the content of the state field and place it on the card. And look down the back side we can see front side is included on the front and then there’s a line here and this is special code which means line we remove it you see the line disappears. And on the back side we’ve got the capital city. To flip these we simply click the flip front and back button. When i click it have a look at what happens to the front template. Ok the capital city is being placed here and the state appears down here. You can also include non field information on your cart. So if i flip them again and change this so "what’s the capital city of state" and add a ? mark. From then on this text will appear in front of the field for every single card that we study. So it’s a convenient way of adding this kind of boilerplate text or kind of context to your cards without having to retype it for every single card. And if I close this now and start studying again we’ll see the effect of our changes. Close. "What’s the capital city of Alabama?" Montgomery — good. "What’s the capital of alaska?" Little Rock. Juneau. I got it wrong. Ok, Again. So you can see here that we… Our changes to the template have affected all of our cards that share the same type of information. Let’s go back to the Edit screen now and this information here the state and the Capital all of these fields join together is called a note in Anki. And the notes and cards are related, but not quite the same. To demonstrate this if I click Cards… Imagine i wanted to study from Arizona to Phoenix and from Phoenix to Arizona. So I’d like to stay in both directions. In a conventional flash card program you have to copy and paste the information twice to be able to study from both side or you would have to flip the information without being able to store the scheduling history separately. And the reason why it’s important to be able to separate that scheduling history is that you might find it very easy to produce a given capital city when given a state, but you might find it more difficult to do the opposite. So in Anki your encourage to create multiple cards to start study the content in different directions. So imagine we want to study in both directions. To do that we had a new card type of by placing this plus button. And we want to flip it from the forward one or flip front and back and then i’ll remove this edit to customize part. This text no longer makes sense, so I’ll remove that as well. And let’s change its get(?) this on a prompt as well. "What state is a capital city in …?" Ok, so we’ve now got two different types of cards: the fore card asks from Arizona to Phoenix and the back card asks us from Phoenix to Arizona. And if we close this now and close this… What we now have both of these cards generated from one set of data. So that note that we looked at here this single set of information has generated two cars: one that studies from state to capital city and one that studies from capitol city to state. You’re not limited to just to feel to either. So if we look at a more complex yet example… Let’s close this and go back to the deck screen and go and download a new shared deck and we’ll choose geography again. And this time let’s have a look at the "Countries of the world" deck. If we scroll down and look at the sample you can see that the deck of that has added a lot of different fields describing various aspects of a given country. So: the population, the currency, it’s flags and so on. And when you create cards you can choose exactly which of this information you wish to display on the front of the card and which you wish to display on the back. So it can be very convenient. And then this key point here is that cards are customizable. So when you download this particular shared deck they have lots of different cards. 18 different cards per country. And you may not wish to study all of them. You may wish to only study for example from a given country name to the capital city and from a given flag to the country name. So if we download this deck… I would normally click on this but i’ve already downloaded it here. So I’m just going to double-click and the cards have been imported. So let’s load this deck and start studying. And we can see there’s a question quite like all the one we created in our US state capitals. And if we edit and go look at their two different cards you can see that this person has created 18 different types of cards i’m going to need to expand this so that we can see all of them. Anyway so imagine we only want to study this capitals forward and we don’t want to study the other ones. If we’re not interested in this at all we can actually just delete them. We can go more and delete. So to recap if you downloaded a share dick and you want to customize what appears on the front and back simply go down to the bottom left click Edit and then click Cards… to customize the front and back of cards. If you shared deck contains types of cards not interested in — simply select them click More and Delete in order to delete them. And if you wish to study a given piece of information in multiple directions simply click the + and customize.
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